Vertical farming is a type of agriculture where crops are grown in vertically stacked layers in a controlled environment. This type of farming is becoming increasingly popular, as it offers many advantages over traditional farming methods. Vertical farms use less land and water than traditional farms, and they can be built close to urban areas, which reduces the need for transportation. They also allow for year-round crop production, which increases food security.
Some of the emerging trends in vertical farming include the use of hydroponics, aeroponics, and aquaponics to grow plants in vertically stacked layers, the use of artificial lighting to simulate natural sunlight, and the use of controlled environment agriculture (CEA) to create optimal growing conditions.