Synthetic biology is an area of biology that focuses on the design and construction of artificial biological systems. Synthetic genomics is a subfield of synthetic biology that deals with the design and construction of artificial genomes.
One of the emerging trends in synthetic biology is the use of CRISPR/Cas9 technology to edit genomes. This technology can be used to insert, delete, or modify genes in a living organism. Other emerging trends in synthetic biology include the use of synthetic DNA to create new enzymes and the use of synthetic RNA to create new proteins.