A nanowire battery is a battery that uses nanowires to create a higher surface area for charge storage and to improve electrical conductivity. Nanowires are very small, typically less than one hundred nanometers in diameter. They can be made from a variety of materials, including metals, semiconductors, and carbon. Nanowire batteries have a number of advantages over traditional batteries. They can store more energy than traditional batteries, and they can be charged and discharged much more rapidly. Nanowire batteries are also much more durable than traditional batteries, and they can be used in a wide range of temperatures.
Some of the emerging trends in nanowire batteries include the use of nanowires made from graphene, carbon nanotubes, and other nanomaterials for the electrodes, the use of electrolytes made from ionic liquids, and the use of novel manufacturing techniques such as 3D printing.