Microfluidics is the study and manipulation of fluids that are confined to very small spaces. It is a branch of nanotechnology that deals with the behavior, precise control, and manipulation of fluids that are confined to microscopic channels and chambers. Microfluidics has a wide range of applications, from medical diagnostics and drug delivery to chemical synthesis and environmental monitoring. The field is interdisciplinary, drawing on concepts and techniques from physics, engineering, and chemistry.
Some of the emerging trends in microfluidics include the use of microfluidics for point-of-care diagnostics, the use of microfluidics for drug discovery and development, and the use of microfluidics for personalized medicine.