Immunotherapy is a type of cancer treatment that uses the body’s own immune system to fight cancer cells. The immune system is a complex system that helps the body fight off infections and other diseases. Cancer cells can sometimes avoid detection by the immune system, which allows them to grow and spread. Immunotherapy treatment can help the immune system to better recognize and attack cancer cells. There are several types of immunotherapy, including monoclonal antibodies, checkpoint inhibitors, and CAR T-cell therapy. Monoclonal antibodies are man-made proteins that mimic the body’s natural antibodies. They are designed to bind to specific proteins on cancer cells.
Some of the emerging trends in immunotherapy include the use of checkpoint inhibitors, adoptive cell therapy, and cancer vaccines.