Fuel Cell Technology

A fuel cell is an electrochemical device that produces electricity from a reaction between a fuel and an oxidant. The fuel is usually a hydr…

Lithium Iron Phosphate Batteries

Lithium iron phosphate batteries use lithium ions and iron phosphate as electrodes. They have a high energy density, long cycle life, and ar…

Molten Salt Reactors

A molten salt reactor is a class of nuclear fission reactor in which the primary nuclear reactor coolant and/or the fuel is a molten salt mi…

Battery Thermal Runaway

In thermal runaway, a battery generates more heat inside than it can dissipate. This heat then triggers a chemical reaction inside the batte…

Heat Pumps

A heat pump is a system used to heat or cool. It transfers thermal energy from a cooler space to a warmer space, using the refrigeration cyc…

Direct Air Capture

Direct air capture is a technology for removing CO2 from the atmosphere. It does so directly, as opposed to other methods that capture the C…

Geothermal Energy

Geothermal energy is a renewable energy source because heat is continuously produced inside the earth. People use geothermal heat for bathin…

Battery Management Systems

Battery management systems are electronics and software that manage a rechargeable battery or battery pack. They ensure safe and efficient o…

Flow Batteries

A flow battery is a rechargeable battery in which electrolyte flows through one or more electrochemical cells from one or more tanks. A flow…

Solid-State Batteries

Solid-state batteries use solid electrodes and electrolytes, rather than ones made out of liquid or polymer gel. They have higher energy den…